About Speech Therapy

What is speech and language therapy?

Speech and language therapy involves the treatment of disorders associated with human communication. Speech-language Pathologists are licensed health care professionals who provide direct clinical intervention for individuals with a variety of communication disorders.

Who benefits from speech and language therapy?

Speech-language pathologists treat speech, language, and swallowing disorders in individuals of all ages, from infants to the elderly. At The Tutoring Place we specialize in serving individuals who have speech sound disorders, language disorders, and fluency disorders (also called stuttering). Individuals who do not have a communication disorder, but would like to modify their accents in order to communicate more effectively in various contexts, are also welcome to contact our speech-language pathologist. Learn more about our specializations below.

Speech Sound Disorders

Most children make mistakes as they learn to pronounce new words. A speech sound disorder occurs when mistakes continue past a certain age. Every sound has a different range of ages when children typically make the sound correctly.

There are two general categories of speech sound disorders. They are articulation and phonological disorders. An articulation disorder occurs when an individual has difficulty producing specific sounds correctly. The individual may distort the sound’s production, substitute another sound in its place, or omit the sound entirely. A phonological disorder occurs when an individual has difficulty understanding and using the correct sound patterns. For example, he or she may substitute all the sounds produced in the back of the mouth with sounds made in the front of the mouth.

To learn more about speech sound disorders, click here: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/SpeechSoundDisorders/

Language Disorders

Language disorders can occur simultaneously with speech sound disorders or in isolation.

There are two general categories of language disorders. They are receptive language disorders and expressive language disorders. Individuals with a receptive language disorder have difficulty understanding language. They may have trouble following directions, answering questions, identifying objects and pictures, and communicating with others. An individual with receptive language disorder has difficulty expressing themselves using language. This may be demonstrated by a lack of ability to ask questions, name objects, use, and use correct language parts and patterns (pronouns, possessives, verbs, tense, word order, etc.) to communicate with others.

To learn more about language disorders, click here:

http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/Preschool-Language-Disorders/

Fluency Disorders (Stuttering)

Stuttering affects the fluency or smoothness and ease of speech. Stuttering includes repetitions of words or parts of words, prolongations of sounds, blocked or stopped speech, and interjections. Although some amount of disfluency exists in normal speech, stuttered speech presents a greater amount of disfluent speech, which can negatively impact the ability of an individual to communicate with others. In most cases, stuttering has an impact on at least some daily activities.

To learn more about stuttering, click here:

http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/stuttering/

Accent Modification

Having an accent is not considered a disorder. It is a natural part of life that occurs due to the region you were raised and learned to speak. Everyone has an accent. It is important to note that no accent is better than another. However, some people may have difficulty communicating because of their accent. Some difficulties include people not being able to understand them, having to repeat themselves often, and listeners focusing more on the accent than what they are trying to say. Accent modification consists of services that assist an individual in learning the sound system, stress, rhythm, and intonation of a new accent in order to communicate effectively.

To learn more about accent modification, click here:

http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/accent-modification/